09-2186 Archived 5 September 2018 at the Wayback Machine (24 November 2010) ^ The trauma of Puerto Rico's 'Maria Generation'. Robin Ortiz. ABC News. 17 February 2019. Accessed 24 September 2019. ^ PUERTO RICO: Fiscal Relations with the Federal Government and Economic Trends during the Phaseout of the Possessions Tax Credit. General Accounting Office publication number GAO-06-541. US Gen. Acctg. Office, Washington, DC. 19 May 2006. Public Release: 23 June 2006.
Retrieved 7 September 2013. ^ Allatson, Paul (2007). Key Terms in Latino/a Cultural and Literary Studies. Malden, Mass. : Blackwell Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-4051-0250-6. ^ Cayetano Coll y Toste, ed. (1972). "Taino Indigenous Peoples of the Caribbean". Clásicos de Puerto Rico (2nd ed. ). Ediciones Latinoamericanas, S. A.
Hendricksz 1625 attack on San Juan, Puerto Rico In 1625, in the Battle of San Juan, the Dutch commander Boudewijn Hendricksz tested the defenses' limits like no one else before. Learning from Francis Drake's previous failures here, he circumvented the cannons of the castle of San Felipe del Morro and quickly brought his 17 ships into the San Juan Bay. He then occupied the port and attacked the city while the population hurried for shelter behind El Morro's moat and high battlements.
Most coquí species (13 of 17) live in the El Yunque National Forest,  a tropical rainforest in the northeast of the island previously known as the Caribbean National Forest. El Yunque is home to more than 240 plants, 26 of which are endemic to the island. It is also home to 50 bird species, including the critically endangered Puerto Rican amazon. Across the island in the southwest, the 15 sq mi (39 km2) of dry land at the Guánica Commonwealth Forest Reserve contain over 600 uncommon species of plants and animals, including 48 endangered species and 16 endemic to Puerto Rico.
(Note: All residents of Puerto Rico pay federal taxes, with the exception of federal income taxes which only some residents of Puerto Rico must still pay). ^ "Puerto Rico's Political Status and the 2012 Plebiscite: Background and Key Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2016 – via fas. org. ^ "El Nuevo Día". Elnuevodia. com. 18 April 2017. ^ a b "Advanced economies". Retrieved 1 August 2019. ^ a b c "Manufactura" (in Spanish). Government of Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013.
He later served as the first governor of the island. [g] Eventually, traders and other maritime visitors came to refer to the entire island as Puerto Rico, and San Juan became the name of the main trading/shipping port. At the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish people began to colonize the island. Despite the Laws of Burgos of 1512 and other decrees for the protection of the indigenous population, some Taíno Indians were forced into an encomienda system of forced labor in the early years of colonization. The population suffered extremely high fatalities from epidemics of European infectious diseases. [h][i][j][k] Colonization under the Habsburgs In 1520, King Charles I of Spain issued a royal decree collectively emancipating the remaining Taíno population. By that time, the Taíno people were few in number.